Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Department of Atmospheric Sciences
The University of Arizona
1118 E. 4th St., PO Box
Tucson, AZ 85721-0081
Business Office: 520-621-6834
investigator for the NASA REASoN Project (2004 - 2009), “Converging NASA
Mission Measurements and Products with the Rapid Syndrome Validation Project,”
integrating airborne dust concentration into public health decision support
systems. Currently, U.S. director of the Sino-U.S. Centers for Soil and Water
Conservation and Environmental Protection, co-organizer of the World Laboratory
(Malta) international school for dust storm forecasting, and chair of the
Climate, Ozone and Greenhouse Effect Permanent Monitoring Panel of the World
Federation of Scientists.
Holds academic degrees in
atmospheric sciences from Yale University (M.Phil. and Ph.D.), Rutgers (M.S.),
and Florida State University (B.S.) and memberships in the American
Meteorological Society, American Geophysical Union, World Federation of
Scientists, Antarctican Society, and in the scientific society, Sigma Xi.
Architect of the U.S. National
Climate Program and a principal architect of the National Weather Service’s
Climate Prediction Center, formed and headed the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration’s Climate Program, headed the U.S. National Climate
Program Office, and directed the National Research Council’s Board on
Atmospheric Sciences and Climate.
Current and Previous Employment:
2003 – present: Research
Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric
Physics, and Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, University
2002 – present: Director,
Sino-U.S. Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection,
University of Arizona;
1998 – 2003: Deputy Director,
Institute for the Study of Planet Earth and Adjunct Research Professor,
Department of Atmospheric Sciences and Institute of Atmospheric Physics, University
1990 – 1998: Director, Board
on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Academy of Sciences/National
1989-1990: Director, National
Climate Program Office, NOAA;
1987-1989: Director, NOAA
Climate Office, and Deputy Director, Office of Global Programs, NOAA;
1983-1987: Deputy Director,
National Climate Program Office, NOAA;
1979-1987: Program Manager,
National Experimental Climate Forecast Program;
1978-1983: Assistant Director
for Research, National Climate Program Office, NOAA;
Diagnostics Project Manager, NOAA;
1961-1963: Instructor, U.S.
Army Signal School.
Selected Professional Activities:
Member, NRC Organizing
Committee for the US National Committee for CODATA, Senegal River Basin Case
Study, “Scientific Data for Decision Making Toward Sustainable Development,”
Member, Editorial Board, AGU Monograph, Solar Variability and its
Effects on Climate,2001-2002;
Member, Editorial Board, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1999-2001;
Member, Board of Directors, Voice of America-Cinetel Infectious Disease
Media Project, 1997-1999;
Consultant, Remotely Piloted Vehicles Committee, NRC, 1994-1995;
Member, U.S. Global Change Interagency Working Group on Mitigation and
Response Strategies, 1990-1992;
Member and Head of Delegation, Working Group II, Impact Assessment,
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, The United Nations, 1990;
Head, International Technical Review Panel, the first IPCC report, 1990;
Administrator, Working Group VIII, US/USSR Bilateral Agreement on the
Member, Committee on Climate Variability, AMS, 1986-89;
Special Consultant to the President and the President’s Interagency
Drought Policy Committee, 1988;
Consultant, U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, “Continuing
the Commitment: The
Sahel Development Program,” 1986;
Member and Head of Delegation, Delegation of Experts to the People’s
Republic of China, 1982;
Consultant, U.S. National Science Foundation, 1982-84;
Consultant, NOAA Geophysical Monitoring for Climate Change Program
(Antarctic Operations), 1981;
Co-chair, Navy/NOAA Steering Committee on Ocean Climate Monitoring,
Member, Subcommittee on Biological and Climatic Effects Research, The
President’s Council on Environmental Quality, 1975-1979;
Chair, Climate Diagnostics Research Team, NOAA, 1976-1978;
Member, WMO/UNEP Panel on Climate Monitoring, 1974-1979;
Member, NASA Earth Radiation Budget Steering Committee, 1977-1978;
Member, NASA/NOAA Earth Radiation Budget Satellite System Working
Member, U.S. National Climate Change Program Task Group, U.S. Domestic
Member, Interagency Group on International Aviation, DOT, 1973-1979;
Head, National Climate Program Planning Task Group, Interdepartmental
Committee for Atmospheric Sciences, 1973-1974;
Held office and chaired many conferences in professional organizations,
drafted components of international agreements and formal treaties, and framed
numerous federal interagency agreements, for example: establishing a weather
station in the Republic of Kiribati; establishing a NASA Experimental Climate
Forecast Center (1983); Co-chairing the Organizing Committee establishing the
Sino-U.S. Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection,
2001-2002; Co-chairing the International Workshop, “Planning for Climate Change
Through Coastal Zone Management,” Taipei, 1997; and Chairing the Technical
Program Committee for the Third USA/CIS Joint Conference on Environmental
Hydrology and Hydrogeology—Water: Sustaining a Critical Resource, Tashkent,
Publications (1995- present):
- Yin, D., S. Nickovic, B. Barbaris, B. Chandy, W. A.
Sprigg; 2005; Modelling wind-blown desert dust in the southwestern United
States for public health warning: a case study; Atmospheric Environment,
- Pap, J., Fox, P., Frohlich, C., Hudson, H.S.,
Kuhn, J., McCormack, J., North, G., Sprigg, W., and S.T. Wu (eds); (2004);
Solar Variability and its Effects on
Climate; AGU Monograph Series, AGU, Washington, D.C.
- Sprigg, W.A. and J. Pap; (2004); Science
Requirements and Required Future Measurements; In: Solar Variability and its Effects on Climate; AGU Monograph
Series, AGU, Washington, D.C; 141:357-366.
- Sprigg, W.A.; (2004); Implications of Climate
Variability and Change; In: Briefings
for the President of Italy; World Federation of Scientists; Geneva.,
- Gray, J.R., Osterkamp, W., Sprigg, W.A., and S.A.
Christianson; 2003; Formation of the Sino-US Centers for Soil and Water
Conservation and Environmental Protection; International Journal of
Sediment Research, Special Issue on Sediment Transport and Environmental
Studies, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 248-252
- Sprigg, W.A.; 2003; Weather and Climate Data,
Analyses, and Applications; In: Scientific
Data for Decision Making Toward Sustainable Development: Senegal River
Basin Case Study; NRC; National Academy Press; p. 17-18.
- Sprigg, W.A.; 2002; Sun-Climate Connections, In: McGraw-Hill 2002 Yearbook of Science
& Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Sprigg, W.A., Christiansen, S.C., Gray, J.R., and
S.S. Fan; 2001; Terms of Reference for a Sino-US Centers for Soil and
Water Conservation and Environmental Protection; USDA/ARS Deputy Secretary
Report, USDA, Washington, D.C.
- Sprigg, W.A. and J. D. All; (2001); Climate
Variability and Human Health, In: Proceedings
of the Biennial Environment and Health Symposium, Ministry of Health/
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil.
- Sprigg, W.A. and T. Hinkley; 2000; (eds)
Southwest Regional Assessment Group; Preparing
for a Changing Climate: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability
and Change. Institute for the Study of Planet Earth, University of
Arizona; 60 pp.
- Sprigg, W.A. and T. Hinkley; 2000; Overcoming
Barriers in the Use of Climate Information; In: Climate Change Communication; The University of Waterloo
Press; ISBN 0-662-29159-X.
- Sprigg, W.A., P.F. Uhlir, and G.E. Tallia; 1999;
Data Access in the Face of Global Protectionism; In: The Science and Culture Series; World Scientific Publishing;
- Clark, R. and W. A. Sprigg; 1999; A Proposal for
Improved Monitoring and Prediction of Dust and Sand Storms in the Arab
Countries; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne.
- Bosart, L. and W. A. Sprigg; 1998. The
Meteorological Buoy and CMAN Network for the United States; National
Research Council, Washington, D.C., 97 pp.
- Colwell, R., P. Epstein, D. Gubler, M. Hall, P.
Reiter, J. Shukla, W. Sprigg, E. Takafuji, and J. Trtanj; 1998; Global
Climate Change and Infectious Diseases; In: Emerging Infectious Diseases; 4:451-452.
- Sprigg, W.A.; 1997; Stratospheric Ozone and
Climate Change; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne
- Sprigg, W.A.; 1996; Doctors Watch the
Forecasts. Nature; 379; 582-583.
- Sprigg, W.A.; 1996; Climate, a Factor in
Infectious Diseases and Health; In: Proceedings
from the International Seminars on Planetary Emergencies, 21st
Session, Erice; 7 pp.
- Sprigg, W.A.; 1996. Near-Term Evolution of Earth’s Climate; In: Astrobiology Workshop Report:
Leadership in Astrobiology; NASA; Washington, D.C.
- Unninayar, S.S. and W. Sprigg; 1995. Climate and
the Emergence and Spread of Infectious Diseases. EOS, AGU, 76:47.
As Director of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and
Climate, National Research Council, oversaw and contributed to more than 27
studies and publications by the National Academy of Sciences covering air
chemistry, solar impacts on the atmosphere, climate variability and change,
weather forecasting, observation techniques and technology, and science policy.
Most of these are climate-relevant, including:
- , 1999.
Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade,
National Academy Press, 595
- , 1998. A Scientific Strategy for U.S.
Participation in the GOALS (Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System)
Component of the CLIVAR (Climate Variability and Predictability) Programme,
National Academy Press, 69
- , 1998.
GEWEX–CLIVAR: Coordination of U.S. Activities, National Academy Press, 22
- , 1998.
GCIP: A Review of Progress and Opportunities, National Academy Press, 93
- , 1998.
The Atmospheric Sciences Entering the Twenty-First Century, National Academy Press 364
- , 1998.
Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science
Strategy, National Academy
Press, 142 pp.
- , 1998.
Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment
Activities, National Academy
Press, 65 pp.
- NRC, 1998. The Meteorological Buoy and Coastal Marine Automated Network for
the United States, National Academy Press, 97 pp.
- , 1997.
The Global Ocean Observing System: Users, Benefits, and Priorities.
National Academy Press, 92
- NRC, 1997. “Recommendations for
U.S. Policy Concerning Observations Supporting the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change,” (letter report) Board on
Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, 3 pp.
- , 1996.
Learning to Predict the Climate Variations Associated with El Niño and
the Southern Oscillation: Accomplishments and Legacies of the
TOGA Program, National Academy
Press, 171 pp.
- NRC, 1995. Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales,
National Academy Press, 630 pp.
- NRC, 1995. Organizing U.S. Participation in GOALS, National Academy
Press, 8 pp.
- NRC, 1994. Estimating
Bounds on Extreme Precipitation Events: A Brief Assessment, National Academy Press
- NRC, 1994. GEWEX and GCIP: Initial Review of
Concepts and Objectives (Letter Report), National
- NRC, 1994. GOALS
(Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System) for Predicting Seasonal-to-Interannual
Climate – A Program of Observation, Modeling, and Analysis, National Academy Press, 103 pp.
- NRC, 1994.
Ocean-Atmosphere Observations Supporting Short-term Climate Predictions, National Academy Press, 51 pp.
- , 1992.
.A Decade of International Climate Research: The First Ten
Years of the World Climate Research Program, National
Academy Press, 59 pp.
- NRC, 1992.
Climatological Considerations of the National Weather Service
Modernization Program. In Toward A New National Weather Service,
Second Report of the NRC National Weather Service Modernization Committee,
National Academy Press
- NRC, 1992. Coastal Meteorology: A Review of the
State of the Science, National Academy Press, 99 pp.
- NRC, 1991. Four-Dimensional
Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences, National Academy Press
- NRC, 1991. Prospects
for Extending the Range of Prediction of the Global Atmosphere, National Academy Press, 33 pp.
- NRC, 1990. TOGA: A Review of Progress and Future Opportunities. Advisory Panel
for the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Program, National Academy Press, 66 pp.
- NRC, 1990. Advancing
the Understanding and Forecasting of Mesoscale Weather in the United
States. Committee on Meteorological Analysis, Prediction, and
Research, National Academy