Vitae

William A. Sprigg, Ph.D.
December 2015

Research Professor Emeritus
Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Department of Atmospheric Sciences
The University of Arizona
1118 E. 4th St., PO Box 210081
Tucson, AZ 85721-0081
Business Office: 520-621-6834
wsprigg@email.arizona.edu

Academic Degrees in Atmospheric Sciences

Yale University (M.Phil. and Ph.D.), Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey (M.S.) and Florida State University (B.S.)

Summary

Professor Sprigg is architect of the U.S. National Climate Program and principal architect consolidating the mission of the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center. He led the U.S. delegation for the first Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change volume on climate consequences. He has held research and science policy positions with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. National Research Council. He is the current and founding director of the Pan America Center for the World Meteorological Organization's Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System.

Today, with ultimate aims to improve public health and safety through environmental research, Dr. Sprigg's team has created an international-verified, research-tested and operational-ready airborne dust forecast capability, demonstrating how risks of Valley fever and other respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses can be reduced. A pollen-forecast system, offspring of dust modeling, is under test. Both systems may be used to examine potential air quality and public health and safety consequences of climate variability. Dr. Sprigg has long been interested in furthering interdisciplinary research and science policy - from integrating all the scientific disciplines necessary to understand and adapt in a variable climate, to assembling international experts in such diverse fields as physical, environmental and medical science, and in energy, agriculture, urban planning, economics, education and public policy to further science in decision making.

Recent Research & Project Management

Nature's Aerosols & Air Quality: Detecting & Monitoring Sources and Simulating & Forecasting Emissions, Dispersal and Consequences

Co-principal investigator for NASA-sponsored projects: (a) Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing, Integrating Airborne Dust Concentration Into Public Health Decision Support Systems (2004 - 2010); (b) Adding NASA Earth Science Results into Public Health Tracking Systems (2008-2011); (c) Rapid Prototyping for Model Interoperability and High-Performance Computing (2008); (d) Rapid Prototyping to Test Pollen Modeling Applied to Public Health (2008-2009) and (e) Integration of Airborne Dust Prediction Systems and Vegetation Phenology to Track Pollen for Asthma Alerts in Public Health Decision Support Systems (2009-2014).

Principal investigator for U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and NASA: Airborne Dust Models, A Tool in Environmental Health Tracking (2012). An Arizona haboob in July 2011 became an opportunity to demonstrate that dust storm forecasts today can provide timely alerts of hazardous conditions for public health and safety (Sprigg, et al., 2012, 2014; Vukovic, et al., 2014).

Policy Development: International Concerns of Windblown Dust

Forty Nations Asked the World Meteorological Organization to Help Reduce Risks Associated With Windblown Desert Dust

As consultant (2008) to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and International Chair (2009-2010) for the WMO Implementation Plan Drafting Group, "Sand & Dust Storm Warning Advisory & Assessment System" (a) provided historical & technical background and professional network; (b) provided focus and articulated long-term needs, resources and international strategies for addressing the global, chronic problem of airborne dust from the world's arid lands; and (c) initiated Pan-America sector collaboration and its role as a global information and enabling resource to address public health consequences of windblown dust.

Climate Policy

National & International Science Policy Concerning Climate Variability & Change

Architect: U.S. National Climate Program -- incorporating ocean, land, ice, atmosphere and solar sciences, human resources, supporting infrastructures and management systems into missions and goals to understand and predict Earth's climate system and the consequences of change. Of critical consequence, ensured that the Program's "climate time scales" began at two weeks (the theoretical outer limit of weather forecasting) and would embrace El Nino as well as "greenhouse" warming. The Program plan reaffirmed that climate and its consequences were global and solutions would ultimately be international. Founded the Program on academic, private sector, government and scientific society participation through unique bottom-up/top-down/matrix management strategies. Formed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Climate Program -- initiating the Nation's Experimental Climate Forecast Program and the Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshops (the 39th in 2014), forming the Nation's Regional Climate Centers, and raising priority of the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center.

University Policy

Integrating Environmental Sciences with Chapman University's College of Science

As advisor to the Vice-Chancellor, Chapman University 2010-2014, Dr. Sprigg was asked to assist in building a new, redesigned College of Science, strengthened with environmental science. His efforts brought new collaborations for the university with local and federal government agencies and other academic institutions, along with international recognition when the World Meteorological Organization placed the Pan-America Center for the WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System under his leadership.

Selected Professional Service Since 2000

2014- present: Research Associate, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California
2013- present: Member, Serbian Program of Basic Research; Environmental Protection and Climate Change; Belgrade, Serbia
2013- present: Member, Program Committee, American Meteorological Society (AMS) Washington Forum
2013- present: Member, AMS Board on Environment & Health and co-author AMS Information Statement: "One Health" 4 January 2015
2010- present: Founding Director, Pan-America Center for the World Meteorological Organization Sand & Dust Storm Warning Advisory & Assessment System
2009- present: Member, Chinese Academy of Sciences' Expert Committee for Strategic Development, Center for Earth Observations & Digital Earth, Beijing, China
2013- 2014: Member, Writing Group for the AMS Information Statement on 'One Health'
2009-2010: Chair, United Nations' Drafting Team for the "Implementation Plan for the World Meteorological Organization and Group on Earth Observations International Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System"
2008: Consultant, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
2008: Seminar Co-organizer, "A Framework for Managing Climate Change." Invited, Vatican Academy of Sciences, Rome, Italy
2002: Co-founded the World Laboratory (Malta) international school for dust storm forecasting
2001- 2004: Member, World Meteorological Organization, World Climate Research Programme, Task Team on Arid and Desert Regions; Geneva, Switzerland
2001: Member, Arizona Advisory Board, Physicians for Social Responsibility
2000-2012: Chair, Climate Panel, World Federation of Scientists, Erice, Italy
2000 - Principal Investigator, Southwest Sector for the 1st Congressionally mandated, National Climate Assessment

Scientific Society Memberships

American Meteorological Society, American Geophysical Union, and the scientific society, Sigma Xi

Current and Previous Employment

2015- present: Research Professor Emeritus, The University of Arizona
2003- 2015: Research Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, College of Science, The University of Arizona
2014- present: Associate, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California
2010- 2014: Distinguished Professor, College of Science, Chapman University
2002- 2008: Director, Sino-U.S. Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection, The University of Arizona
1998- 2003: Deputy Director, Institute for the Study of Planet Earth and Adjunct Research Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences and Institute of Atmospheric Physics, The University of Arizona
1990- 1998: Director, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council
1989-1990: Director, National Climate Program Office, Washington, D.C.
1987-1989: Director, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate Office, and Deputy Director, Office of Global Programs, NOAA
1983-1987: Deputy Director, National Climate Program Office, Washington, D.C.
1979-1987: Program Manager, National Experimental Climate Forecast Program, NOAA
1978-1983: Assistant Director for Research, National Climate Program, NOAA
1976-1978: Climate Diagnostics Project Manager, NOAA
1972-1976: Physical Scientist, NOAA
1961-1963: Military Instructor, Sgt., U.S. Army Signal Center & School.

Selected Professional Activities

While a government employee advising, creating and implementing policy, authored technical reviews, priority assessments and position papers under limited, often restricted, attribution and broadcast. Drafted components of international agreements and treaties, and framed numerous federal interagency agreements. Examples: drafted components of the UNEP Global Climate Monitoring Plan and the U.S./Kiribati treaty to maintain upper-air observations from that island nation (1970's); established a NASA Experimental Climate Forecast Center (1983) and negotiated a NOAA/Navy Ship-of-Opportunity (XBT) Observation Program and a USGS-funded hydrologist position at the NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory in Princeton (1988); Co-chaired the Organizing Committee establishing the Sino-U.S. Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection, 2001-2002; Co-chaired the International Workshop, "Planning for Climate Change Through Coastal Zone Management," Taipei, 1997; and Chaired the Technical Program Committee for the Third USA/CIS Joint Conference on Environmental Hydrology and Hydrogeology-Water: Sustaining a Critical Resource, Tashkent, 1996.

Book

S.L. Steinberg and W.A. Sprigg (Eds) (In Press); Extreme Weather, Health and Communities: Interdisciplinary Engagement Strategies. Springer Press, New York, NY

Refereed Publications & Technical Presentations (1995- present):

  1. Sprigg, W. A. (In Press) Dust Storms, Human Health and a Global Early Warning System in S.L. Steinberg and W.A. Sprigg (Eds). Extreme Weather, Health and Communities: Interdisciplinary Engagement Strategies. Springer Press, New York, NY
  2. Peterson, K. J., S. B. Laska, R. Philippe, O. B. Porter, R. L. Krajeski, S. L. Steinberg, and W. A. Sprigg (In Press) Refining the Process of Science Support for Communities around Extreme Weather Events and Climate Impacts; in S.L. Steinberg and W.A. Sprigg (Eds). Extreme Weather, Health and Communities: Interdisciplinary Engagement Strategies. Springer Press, New York, NY
  3. Sprigg, W. A. and S. L. Steinberg (In Press) Introduction: Extreme weather, Health and Communities: Why Consider the Connections?; in S.L. Steinberg and W.A. Sprigg (Eds). Extreme Weather, Health and Communities: Interdisciplinary Engagement Strategies. Springer Press, New York, NY
  4. Sarafoglu, N. and W.A. Sprigg (2015) A Selective Migration Review: from public policy to public health; Quaderni, U. Siena, Di Economia Politica E Statistica, N. 712
  5. Sprigg, W.A. (2015) "Integrating Airborne Dust Forecasting & Remote Sensing Into Air Quality and Public Health Services"; Conference on Airborne Dust, Climate Change, and Human Health Miami, U. Miami, Florida; May 19-21, 2015
  6. Sprigg W., Nickovic S., Galgiani J.N., Pejanovic G., Petkovic S., Vujadinovic M., Vukovic A., Dacic M., DiBiase S., Prasad A. and H. El-Askary (2014) Regional dust storm modeling for health services: the case for valley fever, J. Aeolian Res. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2014.03.001; Elsevier, AEOLIA-D-13-00085R1
  7. Vukovic A., Vujadinovic M., Pejanovic G., Andric J., Kumjian M.J., Djurdjevic V., Dacic M., Prasad A.K., El-Askary H.M., Paris B.C., Petkovic S., Nickovic S., and W.A. Sprigg (2014) "Numerical Simulation of 'An American Haboob'", Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3211-3230, 2014, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014
  8. Luvall, J., T.M. Crimmins, W.A. Sprigg, E. Levitin, A. Huete, S. Nickovic, A.K. Prasad, A. Vukovic, P.K. Van de Water, A. Budge, W. Hudspeth, L. Bunderson, K. Geter (2014) Nature's Notebook provides phenology observations for NASA Juniper Phenology and Pollen Transport Project; 99th ESA Ann. Conv. Aug. 2014
  9. Fetouh, Y.A., H. E. Askary, M. Allali, W.A. Sprigg and M. Kafatos (2013) Annual Patterns of Atmospheric Pollutions and Episodes over Cairo Egypt. Adv. Met. Vol. 2013, Article ID 984853, 11pp.
  10. Jalkanan, J., S. Nickovic, W.A. Sprigg (2011) WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System (SDS-WAS): Scientific Cooperation Initiative for Americas; In: 1st Workshop WMO Africa Dust; Puerto Rico
  11. Nickovic, S. and W.A. Sprigg (2011) WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System (SDS-WAS): Regional Cooperation Initiative for Americas; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, 12/2011
  12. Sprigg, W.A., J.N. Galgiani, M. Vujadinovic, G. Pejanovic, A.J. Vukovic, A.K. Prasad, V. Djurdjevic, and S. Nickovic (2011) Airborne Dust Models in Valley Fever Research; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, 12/2011
  13. Vukovic, A.J., G. Pejanovic, M. Vujadinovic, W.A. Sprigg, S. Nickovic, and V. Djurdievic (2011) Dust Storm of July 5th 2011, Phoenix, Arizona: Numerical Simulation; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 12/2011
  14. Luvall, J.C., W. Sprigg, E. Levetin, A. Huete, S. Nickovic, G. Pejanovic, P. Van de Water, O. Myers, A. Budge, T. Crimmins, H. Krapfl, and A. Zelicoff (2011) Use of MODIS Satellite Images and an Atmospheric Dust Transport Model to Evaluate Juniperus Spp. Pollen Phenology and Dispersal to Support Public Health Alerts; Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 02/2011; 127(2) DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2010.12.086
  15. Luvall, J., W. Sprigg, E. Levetin, A. Huete, S. Nickovic, G. Pejanovic, A. Vukovic, J. Van De Water, O. Myers, A. Budge, L. Bunderson, T. Crimmins (2011) Use of MODIS Satellite Images and an Atmospheric Dust Transport Model To Evaluate Juniperus Spp. Pollen Phenology and Dispersal; ISRSE 34th International Symposium, Sydney, Australia
  16. Sprigg, W. A. (2011) Airborne Aerosols; Ministerial Meeting "Climate Change Research for Environmental Protection, Adaptation and Risk Reduction;" Belgrade, Serbia
  17. Sprigg, W. A. (2011) Thoughts on Energy Alternatives; Energy, Economy and the Environment Conference; April 21, 2011; Beckman Center, Irvine, California: Sponsor, Chapman University
  18. Yin, D. and W. A. Sprigg (2010) Modeling Airbourne Mineral Dust: A Mexico - United States Trans-boundary Perspective. Pp. 303-317 in W.Halvorson, C. Schwalbe, and C. van Riper, III (eds), Southwestern Desert Resources. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, 359 pp.
  19. Reynolds, R., G. Breit, S. Morman, H. Goldstein, S. Nickovic, W. Sprigg, G. Clow, M. E. Miller, M. Reheis, F. Urban,and J.W. Whitney (2010) Anticipating the health risks of atmospheric dust on the basis of dust-source settings; abstr, APHA Ann. Mtg, Denver, CO, Nov. 6-10, 2010
  20. Budge, A., S. Morain, W. Sprigg, O. Myers, and J. Luvall (2010) Benefits of Using Remote Sensing for Health Alerts and Chronic Respiratory Exposures; 138st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition 2010; 11/2010
  21. Sprigg, W.A. (2010) Climate Research: a Model for Holistic and Contextual Thinking; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 12/2010
  22. Fulkerson, W. and W.A. Sprigg (2009) Framework for Managing Climate Change and Recommendations from Erice; Intern. Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies, 40th Session; 08/2009; DOI: 10.1142/9789814289139_0068
  23. Estes, S.M., J.A. Haynes, W.A. Sprigg, S.A. Morain and A. Budge (2009) Using NASA Satellite Remote Sensing to Identify Dust and Sand Storms That Aggravate Respiratory Diseases; Amer. Thor. Soc. 2009 Intl. Conf., May 15-20, 2009. San Diego, California; 04/2009
  24. Sprigg, W.A. and S.A. Morain (2009) Remote Sensing of Mineral Dust Sources; Invited paper; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts. 12/2009
  25. Sprigg, W. A., B. Barbaris, S. Morain, A. Budge, W. Hudspeth, G. Pejanovic (2008) Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing; http://spie.org/x33688.xml?ArticleID=x33688
  26. Sprigg, W. (2008) The World Meteorological Organization's Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System; AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts; 12/2008
  27. Yin, D., S. Nickovic and W.A. Sprigg (2007) The impact of using different land cover data on wind-blown desert dust modeling results in the southwestern United States. Atmospheric Environment, DOI.10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.10.061.
  28. Yin, D., S. Nickovic and W.A. Sprigg (2007) Effect of wind speed and relative humidity on atmospheric dust concentrations in semi-arid climates; J. Atmos. Env. 41(10):2214-2224; Science of the Total Environment 04/2014: 487C:82-90. DOI.10.1016/j.scitotenv.014.03.138
  29. Mahler, A-B., K. Thome, D. Yin, W. A. Sprigg (2006) Dust transport model validation using satellite- and ground-based methods in the southwestern United States; SPIE, Vol. 6299;ISBN: 9780819463784
  30. Yin, D. and W.A. Sprigg (2006) Airborne dust particle pollution in the Southwestern United States: A trans-boundary perspective; In Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Research & Resource Management in the Southwestern Deserts, May 2-5, 2006; Sky Alliance, Tucson; 32 pp.
  31. Yin, D., S. Nickovic, and W.A. Sprigg (2005) The impact of using different land cover data on wind-blown desert dust modeling results in the southwestern United States; Poster; Workshop for review of the National Climate Research Program; Alexandria, VA.
  32. Morain, S. and W.A. Sprigg (2005) NASA REASoN Integrating environmental dust into public health decision support systems; Invited paper; Workshop for review of the National Climate Research Program; Alexandria, VA.
  33. Yin, D., S. Nickovic, B. Barbaris, B. Chandy, W. A. Sprigg (2005) Modeling wind-blown desert dust in the southwestern United States for public health warning: a case study; Atmospheric Environment, 39, 6243-6254
  34. Sprigg, W.A. (2005) Implications of Climate Variability and Change: A Policy Makers Summary; The 32nd Session of International Seminars and International Collaboration; Erice, Italy; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne 06/2005
  35. Pap, J., Fox, P., Frohlich, C., Hudson, H.S., Kuhn, J., McCormack, J., North, G., Sprigg, W., and S.T. Wu (eds) (2004) Solar Variability and its Effects on Climate; AGU Monograph Series, AGU, Washington, D.C.
  36. Sprigg, W.A. and J. Pap (2004) Science Requirements and Required Future Measurements; In: Solar Variability and its Effects on Climate; AGU Monograph Series, AGU, Washington, D.C; 141:357-366.
  37. Sprigg, W.A. (2004) Implications of Climate Variability and Change; In: Briefings for the President of Italy; World Federation of Scientists; Geneva,10 pp.
  38. Wilson, R., C. Penn, J. Adams, O. Bosch, R. Clark, A. Lehmann, M. Petersen, W.A. Sprigg and H. Wegener (2004) Cross-Disciplinary Challenges to Quantification of Risk; Working Group Report; The Cultural Planetary Emergency: Focus on Terrorism; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne 08/2004
  39. Gray, J.R., W. Osterkamp, S.A. Christianson and W.A. Sprigg (2003) Formation of the Sino-US Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection; International Journal of Sediment Research, Milwaukee, 6 pp.
  40. Sprigg, W.A. (2003) Weather and Climate Data, Analyses, and Applications; In: Scientific Data for Decision Making Toward Sustainable Development: Senegal River Basin Case Study; NRC; National Academy Press; p. 17-18.
  41. Sprigg, W.A. (2002) Sun-Climate Connections, In: McGraw-Hill 2002 Yearbook of Science & Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  42. Sprigg, W.A., Christiansen, S.C., Gray, J.R., and S.S. Fan (2001) Terms of Reference for a Sino-US Centers for Soil and Water Conservation and Environmental Protection; USDA/ARS Deputy Secretary Report, USDA, Washington, D.C.
  43. Sprigg, W.A. and J. D. All (2001) Climate Variability and Human Health, In: Proceedings of the Biennial Environment and Health Symposium, Ministry of Health/ Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil
  44. Sprigg, W.A. and T. Hinkley (2000) (eds) Southwest Regional Assessment Group; Preparing for a Changing Climate: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. Institute for the Study of Planet Earth, University of Arizona; 60 pp.
  45. Sprigg, W.A. and T. Hinkley (2000) Overcoming Barriers in the Use of Climate Information; In: Climate Change Communication; The University of Waterloo Press; ISBN 0-662-29159-X.
  46. Sprigg, W.A., P.F. Uhlir, and G.E. Tallia (1999) Data Access in the Face of Global Protectionism; In: The Science and Culture Series; World Scientific Publishing; London.
  47. Clark, R. and W. A. Sprigg (1999) A Proposal for Improved Monitoring and Prediction of Dust and Sand Storms in the Arab Countries; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne.
  48. Colwell, R., P. Epstein, D. Gubler, M. Hall, P. Reiter, J. Shukla, W. Sprigg, E. Takafuji, and J. Trtanj (1998) Global Climate Change and Infectious Diseases; In: Emerging Infectious Diseases; 4:451-452.
  49. Sprigg, W.A. (1997) Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Change; World Laboratory Press; Lausanne
  50. Sprigg, W.A. (1996) Doctors Watch the Forecasts. Nature; 379; 582-583.
  51. Sprigg, W.A. (1996) Climate, a Factor in Infectious Diseases and Health; In: Proceedings from the International Seminars on Planetary Emergencies, 21st Session, Erice; 7 pp.
  52. Sprigg, W.A. (1996) Near-Term Evolution of Earth's Climate; In: Astrobiology Workshop Report: Leadership in Astrobiology; NASA; Washington, D.C.
  53. Unninayar, S.S. and W. Sprigg (1995) Climate and the Emergence and Spread of Infectious Diseases. EOS, AGU, 76:47
  54. Sprigg, W.A. (1973) Large particle diffusion from an infinite continuous line source - a comparative evaluation of a theoretical model with field diffusion experiments; Agric. Meteor. 01/1973; 12:425-439

Book

Bosart, L. and W. A. Sprigg (1998) The Meteorological Buoy and CMAN Network for the United States; National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 97 pp.

Book Chapter

Yin, D. and W. A. Sprigg (2010) Modeling Airborne Mineral Dust: A Mexico - United States Trans-boundary Perspective. Pp. 303-317 in W. Halvorson, C. Schwalbe, and C. van Riper, III (eds) Southwestern Desert Resources; University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, 359 pp.

As Director of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, oversaw and contributed to more than 27 studies and publications by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences covering air chemistry, solar impacts on the atmosphere, climate variability and change, weather forecasting, observation techniques and technology, and science policy.

  1. NRC, 1999. Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade, National Academy Press, 595 pp.
  2. NRC, 1998. A Scientific Strategy for U.S. Participation in the GOALS (Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System) Component of the CLIVAR (Climate Variability and Predictability) Programme, National Academy Press, 69 pp.
  3. NRC, 1998. GEWEX-CLIVAR: Coordination of U.S. Activities, National Academy Press, 22 pp.
  4. NRC, 1998. GCIP: A Review of Progress and Opportunities, National Academy Press, 93 pp.
  5. NRC, 1998. The Atmospheric Sciences Entering the Twenty-First Century, National Academy Press 364 pp.
  6. NRC, 1998. Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy, National Academy Press, 142 pp.
  7. NRC, 1998. Capacity of U.S. Climate Modeling to Support Climate Change Assessment Activities, National Academy Press, 65 pp.
  8. NRC, 1998. The Meteorological Buoy and Coastal Marine Automated Network for the United States, National Academy Press, 97 pp.
  9. NRC, 1997. The Global Ocean Observing System: Users, Benefits, and Priorities. National Academy Press, 92 pp.
  10. NRC, 1997. "Recommendations for U.S. Policy Concerning Observations Supporting the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change," (letter report) Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, 3 pp.
  11. NRC, 1996. Learning to Predict the Climate Variations Associated with El NiƱo and the Southern Oscillation: Accomplishments and Legacies of the TOGA Program, National Academy Press, 171 pp.
  12. NRC, 1995. Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales, National Academy Press, 630 pp.
  13. NRC, 1995. Organizing U.S. Participation in GOALS, National Academy Press, 8 pp.
  14. NRC, 1994. Estimating Bounds on Extreme Precipitation Events: A Brief Assessment, National Academy Press
  15. NRC, 1994. GEWEX and GCIP: Initial Review of Concepts and Objectives (Letter Report), National Academy Press
  16. NRC, 1994. GOALS (Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System) for Predicting Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate - A Program of Observation, Modeling, and Analysis, National Academy Press, 103 pp.
  17. NRC, 1994. Ocean-Atmosphere Observations Supporting Short-term Climate Predictions, National Academy Press, 51 pp.
  18. NRC, 1992. A Decade of International Climate Research: The First Ten Years of the World Climate Research Program, National Academy Press, 59 pp.
  19. NRC, 1992. Climatological Considerations of the National Weather Service Modernization Program. In Toward A New National Weather Service, Second Report of the NRC National Weather Service Modernization Committee, National Academy Press
  20. NRC, 1992. Coastal Meteorology: A Review of the State of the Science, National Academy Press, 99 pp.
  21. NRC, 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences, National Academy Press
  22. NRC, 1991. Prospects for Extending the Range of Prediction of the Global Atmosphere, National Academy Press, 33 pp.
  23. NRC, 1990. TOGA: A Review of Progress and Future Opportunities. Advisory Panel for the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Program, National Academy Press, 66 pp.
  24. NRC, 1990. Advancing the Understanding and Forecasting of Mesoscale Weather in the United States. Committee on Meteorological Analysis, Prediction, and Research, National Academy Press.